The period between the world wars was difficult for Unitarians and for Universalism. Universalists , in particular, were suspicious of centralized power, which made it difficult to mount any unified action. Sociologically, the migration to the cities and the west left many town and village churches without enough members to sustain them. And theologically, the uniqueness of the movement s were undermined as the mainline denominations approached a more liberal view on damnation, which had historically separated Universalists from other Christians. By the mid-1930s, Universalists, like their Unitarian cousins, were weak and in disarray.
But a lasting impetus in both denominations to create a more just society prevailed. Both Unitarians and Universalists became active participants in many social justice movements in the nineteenth and twentieth ce